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DBI::dbConnect() establishes a connection to a database. Set drv = Postgres() to connect to a PostgreSQL(-ish) database. Use drv = Redshift() instead to connect to an AWS Redshift cluster.

Manually disconnecting a connection is not necessary with RPostgres, but still recommended; if you delete the object containing the connection, it will be automatically disconnected during the next GC with a warning.



# S4 method for class 'PqDriver'
  dbname = NULL,
  host = NULL,
  port = NULL,
  password = NULL,
  user = NULL,
  service = NULL,
  bigint = c("integer64", "integer", "numeric", "character"),
  check_interrupts = FALSE,
  timezone = "UTC",
  timezone_out = NULL

# S4 method for class 'PqConnection'
dbDisconnect(conn, ...)



DBI::DBIDriver. Use Postgres() to connect to a PostgreSQL(-ish) database or Redshift() to connect to an AWS Redshift cluster. Use an existing DBI::DBIConnection object to clone an existing connection.


Database name. If NULL, defaults to the user name. Note that this argument can only contain the database name, it will not be parsed as a connection string (internally, expand_dbname is set to false in the call to PQconnectdbParams()).

host, port

Host and port. If NULL, will be retrieved from PGHOST and PGPORT env vars.

user, password

User name and password. If NULL, will be retrieved from PGUSER and PGPASSWORD envvars, or from the appropriate line in ~/.pgpass. See for more details.


Name of service to connect as. If NULL, will be ignored. Otherwise, connection parameters will be loaded from the pg_service.conf file and used. See for details on this file and syntax.


Other name-value pairs that describe additional connection options as described at


The R type that 64-bit integer types should be mapped to, default is bit64::integer64, which allows the full range of 64 bit integers.


Should user interrupts be checked during the query execution (before first row of data is available)? Setting to TRUE allows interruption of queries running too long.


Sets the timezone for the connection. The default is "UTC". If NULL then no timezone is set, which defaults to the server's time zone.


The time zone returned to R, defaults to timezone. If you want to display datetime values in the local timezone, set to Sys.timezone() or "". This setting does not change the time values returned, only their display.


Connection to disconnect.


# Pass more arguments as necessary to dbConnect()
con <- dbConnect(RPostgres::Postgres())